Our Experience

Ray DeFrates is RBT Consulting’s President and Lead Consultant. Ray has been in law enforcement training for over 30 years. He is uniquely qualified to assist any agency with developing or improving a Reality Based Training Program, read more about his career, experience and accolades below.

Ray DeFrates, RBT Consulting’s President and Lead Consultant started his Law Enforcement career in 1989 with the Albuquerque Police Department (APD). Over his 33-year career with APD, he worked all Area Commands in uniform patrol. After working in the narcotics section, he started his instructional career and earned an instructor position at the APD Police Academy in 1992. In 1995 he earned a position on the Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) Team, eventually becoming the Team Leader. While on the SWAT Team he was tasked with running many of the training days. During his tenure in SWAT, he became an adjunct instructor for the Department of Energy (DOE) at the Central Training Academy (later renamed the National Training Center). While working for the Department of Energy he was assigned to the Department of State, Anti-Terrorism Assistance Program. He instructed SWAT and basic police tactics to law enforcement officers from every Continent of the world including the Countries of Paraguay, Uruguay, the Philippines, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Greece, Djibouti, Somalia, and numerous countries in Europe and the Middle East. He also worked with the DOE Transportation Safeguards Division (later renamed the Office of Secure Transportation) as an adjunct instructor.

Ray and his family, Dylan, Cody, and Candis, December 2021

In 2005 Ray accepted a position with the Repeat Offender Project, an undercover unit dedicated to the apprehension of Albuquerque’s worst and most violent repeat offenders. He was the team leader and ran the majority of the training.

He retired in late 2007, only to return as a rehire in early 2008. He was assigned to the School Resource Unit. The Section Lieutenant gave him the responsibility of Lead Instructor, organizing or running all training for the unit. Starting in early 2012, the Albuquerque Police Department’s Police Academy Director of Training asked him to take over all Police Cadet Firearms Training, which led to a full-time position back at the APD Police Academy in 2014.

Ray’s interest in Reality Based Training began as an adjunct instructor at DOE. At that time, he felt there was a better, more efficient way to train by using more realistic scenarios with specific definable training objectives. Shortly after Ray’s return to APD he began pushing the Department toward his goal of providing the Department the best Reality Based Training Program possible, with the will to execute it properly, consistently, and with intensity to provide officers with the needed skills to survive on the streets. Ray began by using the “Airsoft” training weapons to provide the School Resource Officers with Active Shooter Response Training. Ray then began assisting the APD Police Academy with its scenario training for the APD Police Cadets by making the scenarios more realistic and using the Socratic method of teaching. After his success with the School Resource Officers and Cadets, APD allowed him to start an RBT program for the department in 2015, the program has continued to grow ever since. The RBT program now has a training center, full-time employees both sworn and civilian, and a roster of intermittent, part-time personnel as role players. Ray was promoted to the rank of Sergeant in 2019 and remained with the RBT Unit as its Sergeant until he retired in 2022.

Ray holds New Mexico Department of Public Safety (NMDPS) Master Instructor Certifications in Reality Based Training, Use of Force, Officer Survival, and Firearms. He is also a NMDPS Certified Instructor in Defensive Tactics, Emergency Vehicle Operations, and Health and Wellness.

The Albuquerque Police Department was placed under a Court Approved Settlement Agreement with the Department of Justice (DOJ) in 2015. Ray has developed, managed, and instructed numerous courses to include Annual Department Mandatory Use of Force Training and Supervisor Critical Incident Command and Control training, all approved by the DOJ and the Independent Monitoring Team assigned to oversee APD’s progress on the Settlement Agreement.

Ray resides in the Manzano Mountains of Central New Mexico with his wife and their dogs. He enjoys rock climbing, kayaking, fishing, hunting, snowshoeing, and long-distance hiking in his free time. He and his wife have walked over two hundred miles in Ireland and Scotland, looking forward to more trips now that they are both retired from Law Enforcement.

Certifications & Training

Current Certifications

New Mexico Department of Public Safety/Law Enforcement Academy:

  • Master Reality Based Training Instructor
  • Master Officer Survival Instructor
  • Master Firearms Instructor
  • Use of Force Instructor
  • Defensive Tactics Instructor
  • Intermediate Force Instructor
  • Emergency Vehicle Operations Instructor
  • Pursuit Intervention Technique Instructor
  • Health and Wellness Instructor
Highlights of Other Instructor Training Completed
  • Non-Lethal Training Ammunition Instructor (Federal Law Enforcement Training Center)
  • Use of Force Instructor (Federal Law Enforcement Training Center)
  • Taser 7 Instructor (Taser)
  • Intermediate Force Instructor (US DOE)
  • Advanced Weapons Systems (US DOE)
  • Special Response Team (SWAT) Instructor (US DOE)
  • Pursuit Intervention Technique Instructor (Bernalillo County Sheriff’s Dept.)
  • Live Fire Shoot House Instructor (US DOE)
  • Ground Control Instructor (US DOE)
  • Passive Restraint System Instructor (AL Velarde, PRS President)
  • Radar Instructor (Albuquerque Police Dept.)
  • Rappel Master (NM National Guard)
  • Emergency Responder Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Instructor (US National Preparedness Program)
  • Pepperball Instructor (Pepperball)
  • Less Lethal 12 Gauge Instructor (New Millennium Products)
  • Field Training Officer (Albuquerque Police Department)
  • Taser X-26 & X2 Instructor (Taser)
  • Alert, Lockdown, Inform, Counter, Evacuate Instructor (ALICE Training)
Other Specialized Training Completed
  • Critical Incident Command (NM DPS)
  • Glock Armorer (Glock)
  • Dignitary Protection (US Secret Service)
  • Hostage Negotiations (US FBI)
  • Precision Rifle/Forward Observer (US DOE)
  • Police Marksmen/Observer (Springfield MO Police Dept.)
  • SWAT Supervisors Tactics and Management (International Assn. Chiefs of Police)
  • Mobile Field Force/Emergency Response Team (Albuquerque Police Dept.)
  • UH 60 Blackhawk Safety and Tactical Training (US Customs Service)
  • Haz-Mat Tactical Operations (US DOE)
  • Chemical Weapons OF Mass destructions Entry (US DOJ)
  • Combat Life Saver (US Army National Guard)
  • Special Weapons and Tactics (US Army School of the America’s)
Professional Experience:

Albuquerque Police Department

Police Academy Instructor 1992-1995

Special Weapons and Tactics Team 1995-2004

  • Team Leader and Instructor

Career Criminal Section, Repeat Offender Project 2004-2007

  • Team Leader and Instructor

School Resource Officer 2008-2012

  • Section Instructor

Police Academy Instructor 2012-2022

  • New Officer Trainee Lead Firearms Instructor
  • Created and ran Reality Based Training Program
  • Created and Sergeant of Reality Based Training Unit

US Department of Energy

National Training Center Adjunct Instructor 1997-2010

U.S. Department of State, Anti-Terrorism Assistance Program Adjunct Instructor 2001-2004

Office of Secure Transportation Adjunct Instructor 2000-2005

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